After years of facing strong backlash from the market, Samsung’s Exynos might have finally moved to the right direction. The Tech Giant Samsung announces first smartphone chip with AMD ray tracing GPU
Samsung has announced the Exynos 2200, its new in-house mobile processor for it’s future flagship devices. It’s the world’s first chip to include a GPU with AMD’s RDNA 2 graphics architecture, enabling features like hardware-accelerated ray tracing. Samsung calls this GPU as ‘Xclipse’. The Exynos 2200 will be manufactured on Samsung’s 4nm EUV process.
The President of system LSI business at Samsung Electronics Yongin Park said “Built on the most advanced 4-nanometer (nm) EUV (extreme ultraviolet lithography) process, and combined with cutting-edge mobile, GPU and NPU technology, Samsung has crafted the Exynos 2200 to provide the finest experience for smartphone users. With the Xclipse, our new mobile GPU built with RDNA 2 graphics technology from the industry leader AMD, the Exynos 2200 will redefine mobile gaming experience, aided by enhanced graphics and AI performance, As well as bringing the best mobile experience to the users, Samsung will continue its efforts to lead the journey in logic chip innovation.”
The Flagship Exynos 2200 uses Armv9 cores. The octa-core CPU of Exynos 2200 is designed in a tri-cluster structure made up of a single powerful Arm Cortex®-X2 flagship-core, three performance and efficiency balanced Cortex-A710 big-cores and four power-efficient Cortex-A510 little-cores. There’s also a new upgraded NPU that Samsung says offers twice the performance of its predecessor. The Exynos 2200 offers more powerful on-device artificial intelligence (AI) with the upgraded NPU. Also the ISP architecture is designed to support camera sensors of up to 200 megapixels. Samsung also introduced a new 200 MP Sensor last year. It will be interesting to see the new sensor in action.
Samsung took to its news portal and shared the announcement. “The Industry’s First Hardware-Accelerated Ray Tracing on Mobile for the Ultimate Gaming Experience” as they call it. With the high-performance AMD RDNA 2 architecture as its backbone, the Xclipse inherits advanced graphic features such as hardware accelerated ray tracing (RT) and variable rate shading (VRS) that were previously only available on PCs, laptops and consoles. Not only this the Xclipse GPU comes with advanced multi-IP governor (AMIGO). It helps in enhancing overall performance and efficiency.
“AMD RDNA 2 graphics architecture extends power-efficient, advanced graphics solutions to PCs, laptops, consoles, automobiles and now to mobile phones. Samsung’s Xclipse GPU is the first result of multiple planned generations of AMD RDNA graphics in Exynos SoCs,” said David Wang, Senior Vice President of Radeon Technologies Group at AMD. He further said “We can’t wait for mobile phone customers to experience the great gaming experiences based on our technology collaboration.”
What is Ray Tracing
Ray tracing is a revolutionary technology that closely simulates how light physically behaves in the real world. By calculating the movement and the color characteristic of light rays as they bounce off the surface, ray tracing produces realistic lighting effects for graphically rendered scenes. To offer the most immersive graphics and user experiences even on mobile, Samsung has collaborated with AMD to produce the industry’s first ever hardware-accelerated ray tracing on mobile GPU.
Samsung announces first smartphone chip with AMD ray tracing GPU
What is Variable rate shading
Variable rate shading is a technique which optimizes GPU workload. It does so by applying lower shading rate in areas where overall quality is not concerned. This gives GPU more room to work on areas that matter most to the gamers. It also improves frame-rate for smoother gameplay.
Enhanced 5G Connectivity
A new Chip has to have better 5G connectivity. The Exynos 2200 integrates a fast 3GPP Release 16 5G modem supporting both sub-6GHz and mmWave spectrum bands. With E-UTRAN New Radio – Dual Connectivity (EN-DC), which utilizes both 4G LTE and 5G NR signals, the modem can boost the speed up to 10Gbps.
The Exynos 2200’s image signal processor (ISP) architecture has been redesigned to support the latest 200 MP image sensor. It can also connect up to seven individual image sensors and drive four concurrently for advanced multi-camera setups. For video recording, the ISP supports up to 4K HDR (or 8K) resolution. “With 8K resolution support, the Exynos 2200’s advanced multi-format codec (MFC) makes videos truly come to life. It decodes videos up to 4K at 240fps or 8K at 60fps and encodes up to 4K at 120fps or 8K at 30fps. In addition, the MFC integrates power efficient AV1 decoder enabling longer playback time. The advanced display solution features HDR10+ adding more dynamic range and depth to the picture and offers refresh rates of up to 144Hz for a more responsive and smoother transitioning experience when scrolling or playing games.”
The Exynos 2200 is currently in mass production. Samsung mostly uses its highest end Exynos chips in the flagship Galaxy S series. It will be interesting to see how the Exynos 2200 performs in general computing, gaming, and cellular connectivity efficiency compared to the Snapdragon 8 Gen 1, MediaTek Dimensity 9000, and the Apple A15 Bionic. Let’s hope the new Exynos does a great job this time around.
The complete article with everything in detail is available to read here at Samsung newsroom.